Ultrasonographic and Computed Tomography Evaluation of Hydatid Disease

Authors

  • Janardhan Reddy K
  • Ismail S Md
  • Ramanappa MV

Abstract

Echinococcosis has always been an endemic disease. It remains today a common surgical condition in many parts of the Kurnool district, carrying a significant morbidity and mortality. The development of real-time ultrasound and computed tomography (CT) with greater imaging versatility and diagnostic accuracy has resulted in a change. To know the precise location of the cysts, number, multiple organ involvement, complications like infection, cystrupture, mass effect, etc., by ultrasound and CT. To measure the size and depth of the cysts in an organ thereby indicating their operability or otherwise monitor the response to medical treatment. A study of 30 patients with palpable abdominal masses, pulmonary cysts, renal cysts, etc. was undertaken. Data was collected based on clinical features, plain radiographic, ultrasonographic and computed tomographic findings. Thirty cases were studied and analyzed according to their anatomical distribution, age, sex distribution, multiplicity of lesions, multi organ involvement and sonographic appearance. With the aim of ultrasonographic and CT evaluation of hydatid disease, 30 cases studied and analysed. Eighteen cases were in males and twelve were in females. Hepatic hydatids comprised the largest group with 26 cases out of 30 cases with next largest pulmonary hydatid cysts. Multiplicity of cysts was noted in eight cases and multiple organ involvement was seen in seven cases. The preponderance of hepatic hydatid cysts is more in 3rd to 5th decades and in 2nd to 6th decades in cases of lung cysts. Right lobe of liver is more involved than the left one.

References

Beggs I. The radiological appearances of hydatid disease of the liver Clin Radiol 1983;34:555–63.

Beggs I, Walmsley K, Cowie AGA. The radiological appearances of the liver after surgical removal of hydatidcyst. Clin Radiol 1983;34:565–71.

Bhatnagar V, Mitra DK. Childhood echinococcosis – a clinical profile. Indian J Pediatr 1988; 55: 312-316.

Gharbi HA, Cheikh MB, Harnza R, et al. Les localisationsrares de I’hydatidose chez I’enfant. Ann Radiol 1977;20:151–7.

Gharbi HA, Hassine W, Brauner MW, Dupuch K. Ultrasound examination of hydatic liver. Radiology 1981;139:459–63.

Lewall & Mc CorKell. Hepatic echinococcalcysts: sonographic appearance and classification. Radiol 1985;155:773–5.

Lewall & Mc CorKell. Rupture of echinococcalcysts: diagnosis, classification and clinical implications. American J Roentgenol Feb. 1986;146:391–4.

Downloads

Published

2015-05-27

Issue

Section

Original Research