Poland Syndrome: A Case Study


  • Naveen Reddy MV
  • Rupa Reddy M


We report a rare case of Poland syndrome in a 22-year-old female patient. This is a syndrome defined bytheunilateral absence or hypoplasia of the thoracic muscles with under development of one breast. A female patient presented with aesthetic concerns having hypoplasia of left breast and the nipple-areola complex small and displaced laterally. There were no other developmental problems with ribs, breast bone or upper extremity. The patient was surgically treated with breast reconstruction using amammary prosthesis. The incidence of Poland syndrome ranges from 1 in 7000 to 1 in 1,00,000 [Fokin and Robicsek (2002). Ann Thorac Surg 2002;74(6):2218–25]. Ten percent of these patients also express some of the other features of the disorder. There is a male to female ratio of 2:1 to 3:1.


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Case Report