Non-traumatic Acute Abdomen Evaluation

Authors

  • Sankar Rao M
  • Janardhan Reddy K
  • Ramanappa M.V
  • Ismail Syed Mohammed

Abstract

The term “acute abdomen” defines a clinical syndrome characterized by the sudden onset of severe abdominal pain requiring emergency medical or surgical treatment. A prompt and accurate diagnosis is essential to minimize morbidity and mortality. The differential diagnosis includes an enormous spectrum of disorders ranging from benign self-limiting diseases to conditions that require emergency surgery. The clinical diagnosis of acute abdomen can be challenging because physical examination clinical presentation and laboratory examination are often non specific and non diagnostic. It is often difficult based on history and physical examination alone to separate these patients from those who require immediate surgery. The increased availability and use of computed tomography (CT) and ltrasonography (US) have dramatically changed the clinical examination and treatment of patients who present with acute abdominal pain. These noninvasive imaging techniques have effectively replaced exploratory as the primary means of examining patients who present with what was formerly known as a surgical abdomen.

References

Senior Resident, 2,4Assistant Professor, 3Professor and Head of the Department, Department of Radio-Diagnosis, Santhiram

Medical College & General Hospital, N.H.-18, Nandyal, Kurnool District, Andhra Pradesh, India *Corresponding author email id: reddykaipa@gmail.com

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Published

2014-11-17

Issue

Section

Original Research